1 It’s safe to say Stan Kroenke is not the most popular man in north London.The majority shareholder does not appear to be willing to sell his stake at Arsenal to his long-term adversary Alisher Usmanov.A £1billion bid has been launched by the Russian businessman with the aim of taking over the reins from the almost universally hated Kroenke.Gunners fans have pointed to the American’s involvement with the club as a major reason for the side’s struggles to win major trophies.And it seems Kroenke is not willing to leave without a fight.talkSPORT takes a look at the best reactions from fans online… A £1billion takeover bid has been launched by Alisher Usmanov //storify.com/talksport/we-want-you-to-go-stan-kroenke-we-want-you-to-go.js?border=false[View the story “‘We want you to go! Stan Kroenke, we want you to go!’” on Storify]
James Clerk Maxwell once speculated that the second law of thermodynamics could be violated if an agent or “demon” could sort the hot and cold molecules at a barrier, thus overcoming the tendency toward thermal equilibrium. Something like this has been found at work in the molecular machines in our muscles. The actin-myosin motor is able to convert the random thermal motion (Brownian motion) of its environment into unidirectional motion due to the structural arrangement of its protein parts. The work was discussed in PNAS by researchers at Nagoya University in Japan.1 Myosin is like a robot walker on an actin racetrack. The robot uses ATP for energy. Each stepwise cycle requires ATP hydrolysis, but there is more energy in the action than can be accounted for by the ATP alone. The researchers determined that, as has long been suspected, the structure of the motor allows random thermal motion to be captured as with a ratchet. This “Brownian ratchet” mechanism helps propel the motor down the track in what they call a “functional funnel” of the energy landscape. “Our study embodies these theoretical models, indicating that a Brownian ratchet mechanism is likely to contribute substantially to the energy conversion of the actomyosin motor,” they said. The researchers believe this clever mechanism underlies not only the actin-myosin complex but other molecular machines as well. Single-headed kinesin, for instance, moves in a similar way down its highway – the microtubule. Suddenly, it seems one can find Brownian ratchets everywhere in the cell:Interestingly, it has been shown that this unidirectionality arises during the transition from the weak microtubule-binding to the strong microtubule-binding states; the same result has been reported for the conventional kinesin. These results imply that the energy landscape for the kinesin-microtubule interaction is asymmetric (with 8-nm periodicity of the microtubule), suggesting that the same Brownian ratchet mechanism as found here is inherent in the kinesin-microtubule system. Myosin V moves along the actin filament in a dimeric form with high processivity. A clock-escapement-like mechanism to regulate ADP release has been shown to play a critical role in the high processivity. In addition, the longer and more positively charged loop 2 of myosin V, which makes the energy landscape for the actin-myosin interaction deeper, would contribute to the high processivity. The asymmetric funnel would also help the detached head of myosin V, which exhibits an extensive Brownian motion, to quickly find the preferential binding site. A Brownian ratchet-like mechanism may also contribute to the force generation via a strain-dependent weak-to-strong transition, as has been shown by a recent in vitro SME [single-molecule experiments] of myosin VI. From a general point of view, such an asymmetric funnel as found in the present study can be regarded as “functional funnel,” i.e., the energy landscape designed to fulfill functions efficiently and robustly. The functional funnel may be nature’s ingenious mechanism that enables molecular machines to harness the thermal noise, just as the “folding funnel” enables proteins to find their native structures efficiently and robustly via a Brownian search.The “folding funnel” refers to the process by which proteins fold upon exiting the ribosome – another active area of research. It appears that thermal noise ratcheting also plays a role in achieving efficient and robust solutions quickly in that environment. The authors did not speculate about how evolution might have hit upon this “ingenious mechanism” for efficient transportation. Instead, they said the mechanism was “designed to fulfill functions efficiently and robustly,” leaving the identity of the designer as a separate question. Their phrase “clock-escapement-like mechanism” recalls some familiar terminology from a long-forgotten, pre-Darwinian scholar by the name of William Paley.1. Takano, Terada and Sasai, “Unidirectional Brownian motion observed in an in silico single molecule experiment of an actomyosin motor,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online April 12, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0911830107.How Maxwell would have marvelled to know that the benevolent demons (actually, little robotic angels) he envisaged were busily at work inside him, keeping his heart beating, his lungs breathing, and his fingers writing across the page. His contemporary, Darwin, would undoubtedly have cringed to hear the phrase “clock-escapement-like mechanism” to describe something in the cells he dreamed were little more than undifferentiated blobs of jelly-like protoplasm.(Visited 23 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
What happens when the purveyors of knowledge admit they are unreliable?Editors of the leading Big Science journals, Science and Nature, continue to wring their hands over rampant scientific misconduct. Conflicts of interest, sloppy work, fudging data, plagiarism, non-reproducible results and plain old dishonesty (“fake science”) are just some of the problems they admit to. Paradoxically, industry is more alarmed about reproducibility than academia is, Nature says this week. Notice how academic scientists engage in “questionable practices.”Despite the advent of important new therapeutics, the number of innovative treatments reaching the patient is disappointingly low. To help rectify this, industry is investing in drug-discovery alliances with peers and academic groups, and in precision medicine. It sees high standards of research quality as the route to the most promising drug candidates and to maximum return on investment.By contrast, academic scientists may be reluctant to devote extra time and effort to confirming research results in case they fail. That would put paid to publication in high-impact journals, damage career opportunities and curtail further funding. Evidence of questionable practices such as selective publishing and cherry-picking of data indicates that rigour is not always a high priority.Aren’t those things supposed to be the highest priority? Isn’t the scientific method supposed to be the most dispassionate, disinterested, truth-seeking approach to knowledge? It seems that science is deserving of a similar statement Gandhi allegedly said about Western civilization: “I think it would be a good idea.” Without integrity, science is nothing. You can’t get integrity by the scientific method.The Science of ScienceThe AAAS flagship journal Science recently had a special section devoted to scientific integrity. This wouldn’t have been necessary had not serious flaws been worrying the editors. The article titles are instructive:Research on research (Martin Enserik, Science). It seems like a return to the “science wars” of the 1960s. The efforts below may sound promising, but who will watch the watchers?Given the billions of dollars the world invests in science each year, it’s surprising how few researchers study science itself. But their number is growing rapidly, driven in part by the realization that science isn’t always the rigorous, objective search for knowledge it is supposed to be. Editors of medical journals, embarrassed by the quality of the papers they were publishing, began to turn the lens of science on their own profession decades ago, creating a new field now called “journalology.” More recently, psychologists have taken the lead, plagued by existential doubts after many results proved irreproducible. Other fields are following suit, and metaresearch, or research on research, is now blossoming as a scientific field of its own.Journals under the microscope (Jennifer Couzin-Frankel, Science). This article mentions “threats to the scientific enterprise, such as reproducibility, fake peer review, and predatory journals.”The metawars (Jop de Vrieze, Science). Scientists don’t like being scrutinized. They expect to be trusted just because they are scientists. A meta-analysis is an “analysis of analyses” like a report card on grading methods. John Ioannidis is one such meta-researcher, whose findings about bias and malpractice have been widely reported. Has it helped? “Meta-analyses were supposed to end scientific debates,” de Vrieze writes. “Often, they only cause more controversy.” What is the situation after years of meta-analysis? Stalemate. Hostility. Resistance to change. Scientists continue to balk at calls for transparency that meta-researchers say is essential for improvement.The Truth Squad (Erik Stokstad, Science). Some “metaresearchers” (those researching research) are stepping on toes. Stokstad tells incidents where integrity investigators are getting rough with perpetrators of fake science, but perpetrators are resisting the bad report cards. Young scientists who report malpractice often suffer. “At the current pace, it’s going to be 2100 before things are really different,” said one researcher into non-reproducibility in psychological studies who felt the backlash of furious institutions that were exposed with bad grades.A recipe for rigor (Kai Kupferschmidt, Science). This article promises “a simple strategy to avoid bias” that is “rapidly catching on,” called pre-registration.Preregistration, in its simplest form, is a one-page document answering basic questions such as: What question will be studied? What is the hypothesis? What data will be collected, and how will they be analyzed? In its most rigorous form, a “registered report,” researchers write an entire paper, minus the results and discussion, and submit it for peer review at a journal, which decides whether to accept it in principle. After the work is completed, reviewers simply check whether the researchers stuck to their own recipe; if so, the paper is published, regardless of what the data show.Simple enough, but scientists are pushing back against this corrective policy. And journal editors don’t like publishing negative results; they want flashy discoveries. Some researchers don’t want to be confined to a hypothesis, thinking they can’t discover things in advance of experiments. One standout comment deserves focus: “A lot of scientists are more like lawyers than detectives. They have a theory and they are trying to use the evidence to support it.” The danger of confirmation bias and sophistry is evident.Toward a more scientific science (Policy Forum, Science). This implies that what we have now is an insufficiently scientific science. This forum opines on various subjects, and acknowledges sources of bias, but never addresses the underlying fact that without integrity, all research is worthless.French science behemoth launches research-integrity office (Nature). Protecting whistleblowers is one of the goals of France’s new office of research integrity. Great; who will give them their report card?Science learns from its mistakes, too (Phys.org). Like the French, the Germans are working on repairs. Their goal is to “do everything possible to maintain social trust in science.” One way to do that is to report negative results, which are not as popular, but are important to contribute to a complete scientific picture.This entry will be continued tomorrow. —Ed. (Visited 404 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Wet spring and persistent rain in many areas of Ohio have generated highly variable harvesting conditions for 2015 in both soybeans and corn. There are maturity, height, and expected yield differences within many fields that will bring about the importance of combine adjustments but also yield monitoring management, in particular calibration.The adoption of data services continues to increase across the United States and here in Ohio. At the heart of these data services is the utilization of yield maps to help understand end-of-year performance within fields but also to characterize in-field variability in order for these service providers to deliver prescriptions, recommendations, or other information back to the farmer.Since yield maps continue to be an important data layer to learn from and help drive changes or decisions at a field level, proper management of the yield monitor in 2015 will be key in order to generate accurate and reliable yield data. The expectation is that grain moisture and test weight, along with grain flow through the combine, will vary within passes and across the field. Therefore, the flow and moisture sensors on combines must be calibrated to these expected conditions in order to log accurate data. The following best practice guidelines provide pre-harvest and harvest yield monitor tips. Pre-harvest1. Turn on your display and back-up all prior yield monitor data. Save this data to a secure data storage device and properly label the file directory so you easily recognize what the back-up files signify within the directory.2. Ensure the display, DGPS receiver, and other components have all been updated to their most recent software versions. Contact your dealer or look online to determine the most recent versions released by manufacturers.3. Start-up combine and turn on display to check that the:• Display indicates everything is functioning correctly or properly connected.• GPS receiver is providing a position and has differential correction.Note: If purchasing a differential correction service, make sure your subscription runs through harvest.4. Check wiring for damage and that all connections are tight as you service the combine.5. Check the moisture sensor for debris build-up or damage plus clean the housing of any old grain. The fins on the moisture sensor must be absolutely clean and not bent.6. Check for damage or wear on the mass flow sensor (top of the clean grain elevator). This point is especially important on late model combines equipped with yield monitors as the wear on these plates influences mass flow measurements. Replace worn mass flow plates. For combines that use optical sensors for yield determination (mounted on the side of the clean grain elevator), make sure they are clean and not damaged. Calibration at harvest• If you have replaced any yield monitor components or the clean grain elevator, recalibration is required. Old calibration numbers will not work since changes in how grain impacts or interacts with sensors influence the readings and thereby yield calculations.If you purchase a new or used combine with an existing yield monitor installed, double check for proper installation and plan to re-calibrate. Grain carts equipped with scales can be used for calibrating yield monitors but consider:1) Make sure they are correctly weighing loads. Cross reference with scale tickets or weights from a certified scales.2) Stop on level ground for a few seconds to determine load weight. Calibrating over the low to high flow rates will be critical.You need to take the time to calibrate the mass flow or volumetric sensors over the full range. Though calibration, in particular at low flow rates, can take time it is a must to collect quality yield data. The ability of the yield monitor to collect accurate yield data from low to high flow conditions will dictate the quality of the resulting maps.Many older yield monitors may have 1- or 2-point calibration procedures. For these systems, you can have different calibration numbers for low, medium and high flows through the combines. Match the calibration number to the field conditions.For those yield monitors with multi-point calibration procedures, use the recommended four to six calibration loads. These loads will be captured over varying grain flows (low to high) by either changing ground speed or cut width as outlined in the operator manual. Rules of thumb on managing calibration numbers:1) Corn and soybeans require separate mass flow calibration.2) You need a different calibration for high moisture corn (more than 20%) versus lower moisture corn.3) You need a different calibration for “green” versus dry stem soybeans.4) Grain test weight can influence mass flow sensors so again, you might need to manage different calibration numbers as test weight differs by two or more values between fields.5) Double check calibration routinely for a crop and operating conditions.6) Remember to calibrate grain moisture sensor for each crop.7) Calibrate temperature sensor for those requiring this step.Finally, take good notes on field and operating conditions during harvest. These can be helpful when reviewing yield maps post-harvest and explaining reasons for possible yield results within fields. Notes and pictures can be important for on-farm research projects during post-harvest evaluation. Having good notes as well as proper calibration in 2015 will result in quality yield data that can be successfully used within analysis and learning.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Scattered showers linger over parts of Ohio today, mostly central and eastern. Western parts of the state may see a mix of clouds and sun. Where the showers are most persistent today, we could add another few hundredths to .2″. Tomorrow we are drier in all areas, but brief sun will be followed by increasing clouds once again. Temps will remain near to below normal today, but we see a move to above normal as our next system gets closer.Better organized rains kick off Wednesday morning and then continue through very early Friday morning. This will be a slow-moving front coming from NW to SE, with moisture flowing up the front from SW to NE. This is a recipe for some significant rains over the state. The heavier rains Wednesday will skew more north, and then on Thursday we see some chances for heavy rain from SW Ohio all the way through central areas and even into NE Ohio. Combined, though, we think that 90% of the state will pick up between half and 1.5” rain totals with the remaining 10% getting rain, just maybe falling short of that half inch lower boundary.We take a brief break on Friday, but then have another minor threat of moisture overnight Friday night through midday Saturday. Moisture totals will be a few hundredths to a quarter inch, tops. And we have coverage at 40%.Another brief break rounds out the weekend for Saturday night and most of Sunday. But, clouds build back in late Sunday, and rains kick off near midnight Sunday night and go through the day Monday. There we can see rain totals of .25”-1” with coverage at 90% of the state again. We finish the 10-day window with no rain for next Tuesday or Wednesday, although clouds will keep us from seeing dominant sunshine. The map at right shows cumulative 10-day precipitation potential, starting this morning.For the extended period, we see a few scattered light showers next Wednesday night into Thursday as another push of warm air moves in. Then we see nothing until late the 11th through the 13th. There, we pick up rain totals of half to 1 inch with coverage at 100%. That front will also bring in significantly cooler air, and a return to below normal temperatures.Temperatures over the next 2-week period will spend a majority of the time at normal to above normal levels. Cooler pushes will be limited to a few days here and there. However, the biggest problem at this point will be a lack of any significant multi-day dry stretches. Here over the next 10 days, we only get 24-48 hours at a time precipitation free, and those breaks will be following period of significant rain…so fieldwork will be slowing to a crawl as we move through the first part of November.
We agree to have our house insulatedAfter meeting with the salesman from an energy efficiency company, completing the audit, and receiving the quote, we decided to go ahead with adding insulation to the attic to a value of R-38, and insulating the walls. Although the company also recommended insulating the floor, we decided to hold off on that because of limited funds and because our basement has always seemed warm year-round.Since we were also planning to paint the exterior of the home, it was recommended to us that the best approach to insulate our walls would be to bore multiple small holes in the exterior stucco instead of into the interior walls, a much more intrusive method which would create dust in our living space. It made a lot of sense as I have allergies, and thus my relief at being offered this solution distracted me from asking if there might be any downside to this method. They assured us the holes would be small and they would be patched up for the painters. I checked with the painters and they concurred, as they had seen such holes in the past.We discussed my windows and doors, and though new windows were offered to me, I knew enough not to replace my historically appropriate, single-paned original wooden bungalow windows as they were in decent shape and could be weatherized. Noise and dustThe insulation was begun while I was at work a few weeks later. I returned home to find a very unhappy spouse who said that the noise had been unbearable, and he and the dog had gone out several times during the day to escape, but had still borne the brunt of it inside the house. The drilling continued for several days, during which some dinnerware broke due to the vibrations of our kitchen wall cabinets. I did come home for some of it and couldn’t believe the decibels.I wondered why we had not been given a heads-up about the noise and the vibrations so we could have made plans to be elsewhere. Also, dust did appear mysteriously inside the house which we were able to vacuum up each day. Our house is more comfortableWe have noticed a big difference in our comfort levels which was the outcome we had desired. Interestingly, we recently refinanced the house and our appraisal report showed no increase in value from improving our home’s energy efficiency, despite pointing out to the appraiser the insulated walls, attic, new highly efficient can lights in the kitchen and window reconditioning by our local master window restoration specialist. ZERO $!Perhaps it’s because we live in a temperate zone…or the appraiser thought that a new granite countertop in the kitchen would have had a REAL impact on value, I don’t know. Hopefully when it is time to sell the house, its energy efficiency value will rise to the fore. I shared with the appraiser that our electric bills are generally about $30 to $35/mo, and our gas bills from $15 to $25 depending upon the season. The appraiser revealed that his own house, more than twice the size of ours a few miles away cost about $300 a month for gas and electric utilities. Apparently several professions could use more education on energy upgrades! Alana Shindler is the fulfillment manager at Home Energy magazine. Her blog originally appeared on the Home Energy website and is reprinted with her permission. Working at Home Energy magazine would seem to have prepared me for having an energy-efficiency retrofit done on my own home, or at least to ask all the right questions. But Murphy’s Law intruded nevertheless, and you may learn from my experience.We live in the San Francisco Bay Area in a 970-sq. ft. wood-framed stucco single-family home on one floor over a basement and garage, with central heat but no air conditioning. Our goal for the audit was to improve comfort, as hot days were hotter inside the house, and cool days were downright cold. The attic already had some insulation, but the walls and floors did not. Advice for home-performance contractorsAs a result of my experience, I have three recommendations for energy efficiency companies, and all of them involve communication.ONE: Give residents fair warning ahead of time about any negative impacts the work will have on people and animals in the space so they can make plans to deal with it.TWO: Have a working partnership with stucco experts for those times when exterior hole-boring is the way to go; or at least recommend to the homeowner from the start that they find such an expert and get a quote to do the patching so that the holes can be filled to the optimal effect. If the industry is going to take a “whole house” approach to energy efficiency, the least the contractor can do is to consider the whole house from the perspective of the customer and not just the part he is concerned with.THREE: Have the salesman call the customer when the work is completed to check in to see that the customer is satisfied. We never saw the nice salesperson again in our home, although someone did come back to do infrared tests to see that the walls were filled properly, and I believe the blower-door test was repeated. Patching problemsRelieved when the noisy hole-boring and the insulation-blowing into the walls were completed, the last phase was the stucco patching in blessed silence. When completed, the concave stucco patches looked awful. I called to ask that the workers come back to level them, as the painters were not responsible for that. One or two guys appeared every day for a number of days to level the patches on the innumerable holes, which they did but without matching the texture of the rest of the stucco.I hoped that the painting would successfully conceal the textural differences, but after the new paint job, all I could see were the circular patches all over the house. The energy efficiency company workers did their best but were unskilled in stucco application.I called an independent stucco guy who came out to the house for his opinion. He said if he had a dollar for every time he’s been called to look at the unsuccessful finish work done to stucco by insulators, he’d be a rich man. He said there was nothing to be done, and that comparatively speaking, it was a lot better than some he’d seen.I was appalled after spending so much money on the new paint job, but felt I had no redress. I blamed myself for not thinking it all through ahead of time. Since then I have learned not to focus on the imperfections in the stucco: I’m sure they’re still there, but I’ve learned to not see them.
ReadWrite celebrates its 10th anniversary on Saturday, April 20, 2013. For the occasion, we’re running a series of articles looking back—and looking forward.When Richard MacManus started this site—then known as Read/Write Web—in 2003, he launched it in a time of technological ferment. Things we now take for granted, like ubiquitous social networks, cloud-based software and electric cars, were just getting started. Here’s a look at some of the key innovations that grew up alongside ReadWrite (in alphabetical order):1. Adobe Creative Suite Now the de facto productivity suite for Web and graphic designers, Adobe put together the pieces for its collection of software a decade ago.“Adobe Creative Suite integrates outstanding new product releases and unleashes Version Cue technology that will save creative professionals time and revolutionize interaction within creative teams,” said Bruce Chizen, then-president and CEO of Adobe Systems. “With Adobe Creative Suite we are delivering a platform for the future of design and publishing, building on 20 years of innovation and partnership with the creative community worldwide.”They must have been doing something right, because CS, now in version 6, is a key tool in not just Web and graphics design, but video production, too. Depending on what you want to do, there’s usually an Adobe tool or two in this suite that you will be using. And it’s taking the next big step, moving online as the Creative Cloud.2. AdSense brian proffitt Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting It would be folly to underestimate the impact of Applied Semantics’ AdSense. Google clearly saw the importance of the content-targeting ad network, since it bought the company in 2003 and rolled it into its own in-house technology, creating the service we know as Google AdSense today.AdSense fueled the blogging revolution of the early 2000s. With AdSense matching appropriate ads with a blogger’s content, even small-time bloggers could generate revenue from their content. Few people got rich doing this, but a few bloggers were able to make a living doing what they loved, while others could at least justify the time they spent on their labors of love.3. Clearwire Depending on who you ask, wireless networking provider Clearwire got started in either 1998 or 2003, after a restructuring set up the company in its present form.We’ll go with 2003, since that’s the year when Clearwire first made a concerted effort to push high-speed wireless connectivity, a mission that has helped redefine mobile computing. The company launched its first high-speed network in 2004, and now claims to serve 130 million customers.Today, Clearwire is the object of a complicated, three-way takeover battle with Sprint and Dish. Formerly a wholesale customers of Clearwire’s 4G WiMax network, Sprint offered to buy out Clearwire for $2.2 billion, which would give Sprint a big boost in expanding its 4G LTE network. Combined, the Sprint-Clearwire network would have a better chance of standing up to AT&T and Verizon. But Dish first tried to buy Clearwire—and now it’s trying to buy Sprint outright, contesting a takeover offer from Japan’s Softbank.4. iTunes Music Store In 2003, the iPod had taken over the music-player business and put Apple on the comeback trail.But when Steve Jobs introduced the new iTunes Music Store alongside the third-generation iPod, people could be forgiven for thinking it a little far fetched. A hardware company selling music?With 200,000 songs in its debut library, iTunes would very quickly prove its detractors wrong, selling a million songs in its first week of sales, and 25 million by the end of 2003. That’s a lot of tunes, and a lot of coin for a so-called hardware company. Apple was demonstrating what we would all soon learn: content was king in this nascent mobile age.Perhaps even more important, the Music Store provided the underpinnings for Apple’s App Store, which became key to the iPhone’s success.5. LinkedIn It’s hard to imagine a world without LinkedIn, but before 2003, the business-oriented social media platform was little more than an idea in heads of the company’s founders.The site itself launched in 2003, and quickly became a tool for professionals to share information about themselves. At first, the founders thought it might be about dealmaking, but it quickly proved to be an invaluable recruiting tool.Today, LinkedIn is a public company that pulls in close to $1 billion in annual revenue. Its members use the site for everything from finding customers to getting training to keeping up on business news.And sometimes, yes, finding a new job.6. MySpace Before Facebook, there was MySpace, the once-cool social media platform that launched in late 2003 and dominated the hearts and minds of the Internet—at least for a couple of years.The MySpace era was a heady time, when the idea of a social network platform hadn’t quite gelled; but people knew there was money to made helping people get together online, and that was enough. MySpace would grow fast, eclipsing competitors until it was itself eclipsed in 2008 by Facebook’s rise. Along the way, it was acquired by News Corporation, a purchase that may not have saved MySpace from its eventual fate, but did at least solidify the idea that social networking, in some form or another, was here to stay.Bogged down by an overabundance of ads and problems with user privacy, MySpace shed most of its users. The site lives on today, owned by entertainer Justin Timberlake, and is trying to reestablish itself as a niche social network for artists and musicians.7. Tesla Motors If you ever went to Disney’s EPCOT as a kid, you may have had a notion that electric cars of the future would be boxy and slow.In 2003, Tesla Motors‘ founders upended that idea, founding a company that would eventually launch first the Roadster sports car and then the Model S sedan, two hot commodities that everyone would have wanted to drive even if they weren’t electric.These aren’t cheap vehicles, though, and their high price tag puts them out of reach of typical drivers. But Tesla’s cars show us a clear future that electric vehicles don’t have to sacrifice style or speed to save on gas.You may never own a Tesla, but the company’s pioneering work may mean that one day you will own an electric car that delights you.8. TypePad TypePad was one of two big blogging platforms that got its start in 2003. (It’s one that’s near and dear to us here at ReadWrite, since our parent company Say Media owns the platform today.)TypePad was a way to get the functionality of SixApart’s Movable Type without having to install software on a server.TypePad never enjoyed the broad consumer adoption of competitors like WordPress or Google’s Blogger, but it’s still popular among independent bloggers.9. Weblogs Inc. You can’t talk about blogging in the early 21st century without mentioning the start of blog-publishing networks like Weblogs Inc.Founded by Jason Calacanis and Brian Alvey, Weblogs grew to include popular blogs like Engadget, TUAW and Joystiq in its stable. America Online acquired Weblogs in October 2005 for a reported price between $25 million and $30 million. Along with some of AOL’s own sites, Weblogs provided the nucleus for AOL’s media strategy, the focus of the company today.10. WordPress WordPress is the only open-source project on this list, but its reach is probably the broadest of all of the launches we’ve mentioned.Started as a stand-alone blogging platform, WordPress would eventually grow into a full fledged content-management system, able to manage sites that were more than “mere” blogs. Along the way, its creator, Matt Mullenweg, started a company, Automattic, and launched a Blogger-like site, WordPress.com, that now hosts more than 64 million blogs.WordPress powers some of this most popular sites on the Web, and has put website management and creation within easy reach of people with all levels of technical backgrounds.These 10 notable products launched, like ReadWrite, in 2003. Did we miss any of your favorites from that era? Let us know in the comments. Related Posts Tags:#ReadWrite#RW10#ten A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
If suspicions that a mixed-doubles match was fixed at the Australian Open on Sunday prove true, it could go down in the gambling annals as the dumbest fix in sports history. Many of the telltale signs of match-fixing are indeed present; to a large degree, however, the stupidity of fixing a match now is just as strong a reason to doubt it happened.Pinnacle Sports suspended betting before a mixed-doubles match in which Andrea Hlavackova and Lukasz Kubot faced the Spanish pair of Lara Arruabarrena and David Marrero. Even though it looked on paper like a close matchup, with all four players experienced and highly ranked in doubles, most bettors backed Hlavackova and Kubot, even after the books shifted the odds to promise a bigger payout if Arruabarrena and Marrero won. And volume was heavy for mixed doubles, which many players treat more like an exhibition than like a meaningful match.After Hlavackova and Kubot won easily, 6-0, 6-3, all four players were questioned by journalists — a rarity in mixed doubles, especially in the first round. Kubot, facing more reporters than he did after winning the 2014 Australian Open men’s doubles title, said Arruabarrena and Marrero “were trying 100 percent.” The Spanish pair also dismissed the idea that they fixed the match. The New York Times put its story about the match on its home page Sunday, sent out a news alert and ran the print version on the front page Monday.The prominence given to the story by the Times is prima facie evidence for why this would be such a dumb fix. Since BuzzFeed News and the BBC published an investigation a week ago into accusations that tennis authorities aren’t doing enough to stamp out corruption in the sport, journalists have been focused on the possibility of match-fixing — and getting a piece of the story — like never before.Meanwhile, pressure is on tennis authorities to show they are taking the problem seriously, making it a bad time to try to slip something past them. Hlavackova and Kubot said at their post-match news conference that they’d already been contacted by the Tennis Integrity Unit, a joint initiative of tennis governing bodies that is tasked with fighting corruption in the sport.Grand Slam tournaments in particular have more officials on site than other events and far more journalists — an order of magnitude more than some of the tennis tour’s smallest stops. And for reporters at Slams, it’s easy to watch matches — tune your television to any court while the match is in progress, or access video of many matches after the fact. Doubles matches at other events usually aren’t televised at all. The Times story included a detailed account of the match that would be difficult to produce if a reporter were chasing reports of suspected fixing at a smaller tournament — such as many of the matches mentioned in the BuzzFeed-BBC report.Grand Slams also are more lucrative than other events. Although mixed doubles is worth less in prize money than men’s or women’s doubles — and doesn’t earn players ranking points — a win would have netted Arruabarrena and Marrero 2,250 Australian dollars ($1,570 U.S.) more each than their loss did. And they’d have had the chance to win 78,500 Australian dollars each if they went on to win the title. That’s not bad for doubles, where purses generally are far smaller than in singles.By losing, Arruabarrena and Marrero also miss chances to compete together and impress their national tennis federation. That matters because another mixed-doubles tournament is coming up this summer, one that should be easier to win yet matters far more than an exhibition. Just 16 pairs will get into the mixed-doubles event at the Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, meaning it will take just four wins to get gold, or three to win silver or bronze. Arruabarrena and Marrero are ranked in the top 35 in women’s and men’s doubles, respectively, which gives them a shot at making the Spanish Olympic team. Here’s one sign that mixed doubles matters more to pros this year: There are 12 pairs in the 32-team Australian Open draw made up of two players who represent the same country, up from just seven last year.At this site, we often try to use Bayesian thinking. That means we try to estimate the probability of something being true — our prior — and then update it as we gain new information. My Bayesian prior after match-fixing became the dominant tennis topic last week is that we were unlikely to see actual match-fixing with scrutiny so high, and that any suspected match-fixing was likely to be something else. How much should reports about the suspicious mixed-doubles betting change my beliefs?On the one hand, perhaps quite a bit. Betting on the match really did look funny. Tennis bettors and betting analysts told me that volume on the match — both in terms of the raw number of bets and overall liability — was far heavier than usual for mixed doubles, though the maximum bet at Pinnacle was just $500 at its peak, making it tough to turn too large a profit. And several Marrero doubles matches last year had unusual betting movements, the Times reported. So my Bayesian prior for a Marrero match being fixed might be higher.“It’s a strange one,” Ian Dorward, a London-based tennis bettor who used to set and adjust tennis betting lines for a bookmaker, said in an email. It “would be a really stupid time to fix it, but maybe he just does not care.” Dorward added, “Either way, it is this type of thing that the TIU should be investigating.” (The TIU doesn’t comment on details of its work.)On the other hand, as I wrote last week, betting data alone isn’t enough to identify match fixers. There are many other plausible explanations. One that Marrero offered is that he’s injured and that someone in his or his partner’s camp might have let that information slip. Or at a tournament with thousands of fans on the grounds, one could have seen Marrero struggle in practice or in his men’s doubles match, which he’d already lost. The video clips embedded in the Times article from the match hardly are conclusive evidence that Marrero wasn’t trying.There’s so little data on mixed doubles that it’s not surprising that bookies who often struggle to set opening odds for singles matches might miss big on mixed. Players’ lifetime match records in mixed doubles aren’t readily available and often include just a couple of dozen matches. “With only four mixed doubles events annually, it’s easy to get the opening prices wrong,” Scott Ferguson, a sports gambling consultant, wrote in an email. Odds at Pinnacle for at least two earlier mixed-doubles matches moved by even more.It could be that bettors noticed before bookies did that Marrero simply stinks at mixed doubles. As the Times reported, he has now lost his last 10 mixed matches and is 7-21 in his career. “Normally, when I play, I play full power, in doubles or singles,” Marrero told the Times. “But when I see the lady in front of me, I feel my hand wants to play, but my head says, ‘Be careful.’ This is not a good combination.”
Newly appointed Manchester United interim manager Ole Solskjaer has revealed he plans to revive the style of former boss Sir Alex Ferguson at the club.The former United striker, who spent 11 years at Old Trafford is aiming to reintroduce the fearless football that the club played under the tutelage of Sir Alex Ferguson.Solskjaer, who scored 91 goals in 235 Premier League appearances as a striker for United, replaced Jose Mourinho who was sacked by the Red Devils on Tuesday morning following a dismal season so far.His first game in charge of United comes on Saturday away at another of his former clubs, Cardiff City, where he was the manager for nearly a year in 2014.“If you play at Man United, you play without fear and you play with courage,” Solskjaer told Man Utd’s official website. Maguire says United need to build on today’s win George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Harry Maguire wants his United teammates to build on the victory over Leicester City.During the summer, Harry Maguire was referred to as the ultimate…“You go out there and express your skills.”“I’ve had the best. He [Sir Alex] just said, ‘Go out and express yourselves, take risks.’”“I want the players to just be similar to the kids that love to play football, and go out [to play] in front of the best fans in the world.”The former Norway international also revealed to the club’s official Twitter account that coming back to United is like coming home.“It feels like home.”