Help by sharing this information Receive email alerts to go further June 11, 2021 Find out more News Burkina FasoSpainAfricaEurope – Central Asia Condemning abusesProtecting journalists Armed conflictsViolence Burkinabe legislative threat to press freedom must be declared unconstitutional War reporter David Beriain and cameraman Roberto Fraile were killed when the government convoy they were accompanying was attacked yesterday morning on the road leading to the Pama national park in the east of the country, several Burkinabe security and governmental sources told RSF.They were travelling with the convoy with the aim of covering its operations against poachers. This park is located near the tri-border Sahel zone – Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso – where several armed groups are active.“The convoy came across a position held by terrorists who opened fire,” the Burkinabe authorities said in a communique. They also said an Irish citizen may have been one of the victims, but gave no further details.“The death of these reporters while reporting is a new tragedy for journalism,” RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “It speaks to the exceptional courage of these media professionals and the very significant risks to which they are exposed while trying to cover this region for us. We address messages of support to all those close to them and to their media outlets.”The security conditions for reporters and media operating in the Sahel have not improved since the 2013 murders of Ghislaine Dupont and Claude Verlon, two French journalists working for Radio France Internationale. Many parts of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger are hard to access and journalists who try are exposed to great danger.The same goes for journalists in the Central African Republic (CAR), where vast swathes of the country are not under government control. Shortly after arriving in the CAR in July 2018 to investigate the presence of Russian mercenaries, Russian reporters Orkhan Dzhemal, Kirill Radchenko and Alexander Rastorguyev were murdered in such obscure circumstances that RSF called for an independent international enquiry into their deaths.According to the latest World Press Freedom Index, published on 20 April, Africa continues to be the world’s most dangerous area for journalists. Yesterday’s two deaths brings the number of journalists killed in Africa since 2016 to 33 – and to three since the start of the year.Burkina Faso is ranked 37th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2021 World Press Freedom Index. Burkina FasoSpainAfricaEurope – Central Asia Condemning abusesProtecting journalists Armed conflictsViolence April 27, 2021 Two Spanish journalists killed in eastern Burkina Faso News News June 11, 2021 Find out more Twitter blocked, journalism threatened in Nigeria June 10, 2021 Find out more Spanish journalists Roberto Fraile and David Beriain, killed in an attack in Burkina Faso on 26 April 2021. RSF_en Burkina Faso’s media group’s five-day suspension is too harsh, RSF says Follow the news on Africa Organisation News Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is appalled to learn that two Spanish journalists were killed yesterday in an armed attack in eastern Burkina Faso. This latest tragedy for journalism is another reminder of the considerable risks involved in reporting in Africa’s Sahel region, RSF said.
Arctic sea-ice extent and volume are declining rapidly. Several studies project that the Arctic Ocean may become seasonally ice-free by the year 2040 or even earlier. Putting this into perspective requires information on the history of Arctic sea-ice conditions through the geologic past. This information can be provided by proxy records from the Arctic Ocean floor and from the surrounding coasts. Although existing records are far from complete, they indicate that sea ice became a feature of the Arctic by 47 Ma, following a pronounced decline in atmospheric pCO2 after the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Optimum, and consistently covered at least part of the Arctic Ocean for no less than the last 13–14 million years. Ice was apparently most widespread during the last 2–3 million years, in accordance with Earth’s overall cooler climate. Nevertheless, episodes of considerably reduced sea ice or even seasonally ice-free conditions occurred during warmer periods linked to orbital variations. The last low-ice event related to orbital forcing (high insolation) was in the early Holocene, after which the northern high latitudes cooled overall, with some superimposed shorter-term (multidecadal to millennial-scale) and lower-magnitude variability. The current reduction in Arctic ice cover started in the late 19th century, consistent with the rapidly warming climate, and became very pronounced over the last three decades. This ice loss appears to be unmatched over at least the last few thousand years and unexplainable by any of the known natural variabilities.