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Setting the stage for a legal showdown with the business community, the Los Angeles City Council on Wednesday gave final approval to a measure that imposes a “living wage” on hotels adjacent to Los Angeles International Airport. The 10-3 vote, without comment, came in sharp contrast to the bitter and vociferous debate that has surrounded the issue for the past six months. The measure – a compromise reached earlier this month to avoid a costly May election fight with a united business community – includes an infusion of taxpayer investment and incentives for business in the area. The measure now goes to Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, and aides said he will sign it. But the measure has drawn a sharp outcry from the business community, which now has vowed to challenge the effort in court. “I think within 72 hours of the mayor signing it, you will see a legal challenge,” said Harvey Englander, spokesman for the Century Corridor hotels affected by the measure. “I think everyone realizes that litigation is the next step. It’s unfortunate that it has come to this, but the council is basically ignoring what 103,000 residents said they didn’t want to see.” The new measure would require 13 hotels in the area to phase in the higher wages for most of their 3,500 workers. Employees would see their pay go to $9.39 an hour with health benefits or $10.64 an hour without benefits. The measure also promises $1 million for street improvements and $50,000 to develop a marketing plan for the area – which would be designated as an Airport Hospitality Enhancement Zone. Voting against it were Councilmen Bernard Parks, Greig Smith and Dennis Zine. Councilwoman Janice Hahn, the driving force behind the effort, said she believes the council acted fairly on behalf of the 3,500 workers in the Century Corridor. “We rescinded the earlier ordinance to comply with what the business community wanted,” Hahn said. “We made significant changes in the ordinance to accommodate that. “To be honest, I feel like (the business community) betrayed us by threatening us with legal action.” The measure also calls for studies into a possible conference center and business-tax reductions for the area, as well as various studies on the impact of the living wage. The city concessions came after the City Council rescinded an initial measure that only required the hotels in the area to pay workers the higher living wage. Businesses unite A broad business coalition united to spend more than $800,000 to collect more than 103,000 signatures to force the council to back down or put the measure on a ballot referendum. Officials had estimated that a May referendum on the issue could cost the city and business community as much as $15 million. On Wednesday after the vote, Hahn said she would have preferred to see the election. Election preferred “I wanted to have an election on this,” Hahn said. “I think the voters of Los Angeles would have sided with the workers on this. “I just hope the hotels now come to realize that this is the right thing to do, the fair thing to do with their workers.” But the Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce also continued to voice its opposition to the proposal. “The substitute ordinance is unacceptable to the business community,” it said. “The new law is not substantially different from the original ordinance – it unfairly mandates the wages of specific businesses that must pay employees and provides no long-term assurance that this unprecedented government control will be limited to these businesses.” Hahn said the new measure contains language designed to limit the expansion of the living wage to other business sectors. The city has had a living-wage requirement in effect for more than a decade, but it had only been applied to firms doing direct business with the city. Benefits argued In expanding it to the Century Corridor hotels, the council argued that the hotels benefit directly from their proximity to LAX and the amount being invested in its modernization. But the business community raised concern that it could set a precedent and lead to such ordinances being expanded to include other industries as well. Villaraigosa spokesman Matt Szabo said the mayor supports the plan because it limits the ordinance to the LAX area. “He believes it is a careful compromise with the business community to quarantine living wage to this area,” Szabo said. “He would not support any effort to impose it elsewhere in the city.” James Elmendorf of the Los Angeles Alliance for a New Economy, which urged the living wage, also said there were no plans by his organization to target any other sectors of the business community. “It is nothing anyone is contemplating,” Elmendorf said. “We think the hotels’ statements in that regard were out of touch with reality. “We did agree to the set of requirements that must be followed before a living wage is contemplated. It is all a matter of what is good policy.” email@example.com (213) 978-0390160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
0Shares0000Last season’s runaway champions Man City added former Premier League winner Riyad Mahrez to their already-impressive squad © AFP/File / Ian KINGTONLONDON, United Kingdom, Aug 10 – With the Premier League’s transfer window closing on Thursday, the top title contenders have completed their squad building until January.Here AFP Sport looks at how the division’s elite teams fared in the transfer market and what their prospects are for the coming season: Manchester CityAfter sweeping to the title with a record 100 points and more wins and goals than any previous team in the Premier League era, it was tough for Manchester City boss Pep Guardiola to improve his stylish side.Guardiola opted for only one significant new recruit, landing Algeria winger Riyad Mahrez from Leicester in a £60 million swoop.Mahrez bolsters City’s already impressive array of attacking talent and, while Guardiola missed out on Italy midfielder Jorginho, who instead joined Chelsea, the champions’ combination of youthful swagger and world-class talent still makes them favourites to reign supreme again at the end of the season.Manchester UnitedIt hasn’t been the pre-season or transfer window that Mourinho was hoping for © AFP/File / Christof STACHEJose Mourinho made an early splash as he spent £52 million on Shakhtar Donetsk’s Brazil midfielder Fred and a further £19 million on Porto defender Diogo Dalot, but the Manchester United manager was still underwhelmed by his club’s business.Mourinho spent much of United’s pre-season tour of the United States grumbling about the lack of depth in his squad and reportedly feuding with executive vice-chairman Ed Woodward over failed approaches for defenders Harry Maguire, Yerry Mina and Toby Alderweireld.After finishing second last season — 19 points behind City — United look no closer to bridging the gap to their hated rivals.TottenhamMauricio Pochettino had challenged his club to be “brave and take risks” when asked what Tottenham needed to do to improve their squad following their third-place finish last season.Fast forward three months and the north Londoners are under-fire from their fans after failing to make a single signing.Pochettino is adamant Tottenham’s lack of transfer activity isn’t a problem because it was just as important to hold onto the club’s key players.Harry Kane, Christian Eriksen, Son Heung-min and Kieran Trippier have all signed new contracts since May.“I am not worried, I am not sad, I am so happy. To keep our best players was our objective and we have achieved that,” Pochettino said.LiverpoolLiverpool fans will be delighted with the arrival of goalkeeper Alisson Becker © AFP/File / Paul FAITHDetermined to build on a fine season that saw his team finish as Champions League runners-up and take fourth place in the Premier League, Reds boss Jurgen Klopp embarked on a £160-million spending spree.Klopp landed Roma goalkeeper Alisson Becker for £66 million and paid £52 million for RB Leipzig midfielder Naby Keita.Not content with those eye-catching deals, Klopp added midfielder Fabinho from Monaco for £39 million and landed Stoke playmaker Xherdan Shaqiri in an £18-million move.Having knocked City out of the Champions League last season, while also beating them in domestic action, Liverpool are expected to mount a strong challenge for the title as they look to end their 29-year wait to be crowned kings of English football.ChelseaHired to replace the sacked Antonio Conte, Blues manager Maurizio Sarri insists he is happy to leave the wheeling and dealing to Chelsea’s hierarchy — a stark contrast to his predecessor’s constant complaints about transfers.Jorginho was Chelsea’s first close-season signing as the Italy midfielder followed Sarri from Napoli in a £57-million deal.Belgian goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois was allowed to join Real Madrid to be closer to his children, with Croatia midfielder Mateo Kovacic moving to Chelsea on a season-long loan as part of the deal.The £31-million fee for Courtois was immediately reinvested in Spain international Kepa Arrizabalaga, who arrived from Athletic Bilbao for £72.1 million — a world record for a keeper.Crucially, Chelsea have so far staved off interest from Real and Barcelona in Eden Hazard and Willian.ArsenalNew Arsenal manager Unai Emery has won eight major trophies in his last five seasons © AFP/File / Roslan RAHMANHeralding the start of a new era at Arsenal following Arsene Wenger’s departure last season, Gunners manager Unai Emery has been given a host of new faces in a bid to end his club’s decline.Wenger’s 22-year reign ended with a wretched sixth-place finish and a second successive season without Champions League action has had a profound effect on Arsenal’s recruitment, with star names now hard to come by.Former Paris Saint-Germain boss Emery appears willing to let chief scout Sven Mislintat, director of football Raul Sanllehi and chief executive Ivan Gazidis call the transfer shots and that trio have made a series of cut-price deals for Matteo Guendouzi, Bernd Leno, Lucas Torreira, Sokratis Papastathopoulos and Stephan Lichtsteiner.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today)
Liverpool fans, naturally, are pleased Jurgen Klopp is their new manager.They have been tweeting their delight, as the German impressed many during his first press conference.However, once the international break is out of the way, focus will turn to Liverpool’s match against Spurs at White Hart Lane on 17 October.BEST QUOTES FROM KLOPP’S PRESS CONFERENCEAnd a number of Tottenham fans are hoping it is a Premier League debut to forget for Klopp… Tottenham fans are hoping they ruin Jurgen Klopp’s day 1
4. Harry Kane has scored 37 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 10 10 Tottenham Hotspur bid farewell to White Hart Lane on Sunday as they play their final game in the grand old stadium.Spurs will host Manchester United before paying homage to heroes past and present who have graced the turf.Former players will take to the field for once last time to be lauded by the Tottenham faithful.Harry Kane will, of course, be there, and a number of other goalscoring heroes from the past too.But, during the Premier League era, which stars have scored the most goals for Tottenham at White Hart Lane? Click the right arrow above to find out… 10 10 2. Robbie Keane scored 55 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 10 5. Chris Armstrong scored 27 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 1. Jermain Defoe scored 60 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 10 10. Aaron Lennon scored 19 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 10 3. Teddy Sheringham scored 48 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 8= Darren Anderton scored 20 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 10 7. Les Ferdinand scored 24 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 8= Gareth Bale scored 20 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 6. Steffen Iversen scored 26 Premier League goals at White Hart Lane 10 10
KELLY’S OF MOUNTAIN TOP, LETTERKENNY GET BEHIND GAA was last modified: June 11th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) The Donegal senior side are pcitured at the launch of the 2012 Donegal Centra Third Divsion and under 21 Sponsorship deal at O Donnell Park last Saturday.Mairtin Kelly, owner of Kelly’s Centra Mountain Top & Shaun Boyce of Boyces Centra Carrigart, are pictured representing the Donegal Centra retailers , also pictured Grace Boyle Donegal GAA treasurer.
CLG An Clóchan Liath GAA News: B’iad 14, 15, 16 agus 24 a huimhireacha a lotto a tarraingíodh ag deireadh na seachtaine agus níor baineadh póta óir an lotto. Beidh €2600 sa phóta óir don seachtain seo.Bhain na daoine seo leanas €20 an ceann: Lennon Cowley – Sheskinarone, Gloria O’Driscoll – Kerry, Hugh Mc Carron- Brockagh, Donal Greene – Loughanure agus Rose Doherty – Quay Rd. The bingo winners are as follows; €150 -Connie O’Donnell -St Peters Terrace, €100 – Kate McCole -Sheskinarone and Lizzie Gallagher – Tully M. Congratulations to all our winners!The seniors and reserves played St.Eunans in O’Donnell Park on Saturday evening. The reserves won in a very tough contest on a scoreline of 2-10 to 2-07, with both goals coming from Robert Weherly. The seniors lost 1-17 to 0-10.The ladies played Killybegs in Rosses Park on Sunday morning, winning on a scoreline of 2-06 to 3-02, with the two superb goals coming from Sharon Boyle and Tricia Doherty. Well done to all the ladies!Congratulations to Mark Curran and Ryan Connors who played a vital role in the Ulster Minor Championship game V Antrim on Saturday evening. Full time score 2-11 to 2-07. Well done on the victory boys! The clubs Euros fundraiser which is being run by our club members is still on going for anyone wanting to join. You can enter via the following: In person – just ask any player or committee member for an entry form. You can also give your entry fee to the players along with your entry formOnline – Contact the CLG AN CLOCHAN LIATH Facebook page or any committee member and we will forward you an email with an an entry form.GAA NEWS: DUNGLOE RESERVES EARN BRILLIANT AWAY WIN OVER ST EUNAN’S was last modified: May 31st, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:dungloeGAASport
VIEWPOINT: It’s a huge question. And in this Viewpoint article for Donegal Daily Noel King certainly thinks so following a recent public meeting in Buncrana.Ireland is one of the few countries which continues to add fluoride to our public water supply.Here’s what he has to say – tagged at the bottom with more than 60 references to international reports. By Noel King At a recent meeting of the” Forum For Change” in Buncrana, the issue of the dangers of fluoridation in the public water system, was raised. I am writing to you on our behalf, and with concern for all the people who are being forced fed this highly toxic substance, to remove it.All of the following countries have already carried out the removal of this toxic substance, Austria ,Belgium, Finland, Germany,Denmark,Norway, Sweden Hungry,China and Japan. In fact nearly all European countries water supplies are fluoride free.The devastating long term effects are well documented, and have far reaching detrimental problems for us all and not least our most innocent and vulnerable, infants and children. Infant exposure to fluoride through baby formula is irresponsible. One of the most frightening aspects of fluoridation is the cause and affect it has on Hypothyroidism (under- active thyroid) The symptoms of this condition aggravated by fluoride are depression, fatigue, weight gain, muscle and joint pain, increase in cholesterol levels and heart disease.Adding to this, Skeletal Flourosis (fluoride-induced bone and joint disorder mimic the symptoms of arthritis,to this end, many of our elderly have an increase risk of hip fracture.)On a point of information, the American Dental Association one of the biggest advocates of fluoridation, in 2006 advised that parents ,where possible,should make baby formula in fluoride free water. It has been shown to have adverse effects on male reproduction and fertility.There is also substantial evidence to prove that this toxic substance develops neurotoxin leading to learning difficulties and behavioural problems.The list goes on and on.The overwhelming evidence is that our public water system being treated with fluoride, has a negative effect on our well-being and health. We are urging the Council to remove this in view of its dangers and in the interest of public health and safety.One further factor should give us deep anxiety. Professor Hume of Dundee, in his paper given earlier this year to the Novartis Foundation, pointed out that iodine deficiency is growing worldwide. There are 141 million Europeans at risk; only five European countries are iodine sufficient. Professor Hume recently produced figures to show that 40% of pregnant women in the Tayside region of Scotland were deficient by at least half of the iodine required for a normal pregnancy.These figures would be worrying enough, since they mean that iodine deficiency, which results in hypothyroidism (thyroid hormone cannot be manufactured without iodine) is likely to affect huge numbers of people.What makes it infinitely worse, is that fluorine, being a halogen (chemically related to iodine) but much more active, displaces iodine. Thus the uptake of iodine is compromised by the ejection, as it were, of the iodine by fluorine. To condemn the entire population, already having marginal levels of iodine, to inevitable progressive failure of their thyroid system by fluoridating the water, borders on criminal lunacy. Fluoridation of the nation’s water supply will do little for our dental health, but will have catastrophic effects on our general health. We cannot, must not, dare not, subject our nation to this appalling risk.REFERENCES:1.National Academy of Sciences. (1989). Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition. Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council, National Academy Press. p. 235. Additional references available at: http://www.fluoridealert.org/studies/essential-nutrient/2.Featherstone JDB. (2000). The Science and Practice of Caries Prevention. Journal of the American Dental Association. 131: 887-899. Additional references available at: http://www.fluoridealert.org/studies/caries04/3.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2001). Recommendations for Using Fluoride to Prevent and Control Dental Caries in the United States. Mortality and Morbidity Weekly Review. (MMWR). August 17. 50(RR14):1-42.4.Formerly online at: http://ada.org/prof/resources/pubs/epubs/egram/egram_061109.pdf5.References online at: http://www.fluoridealert.org/studies/infant01/6.Hong L, Levy SM, et al. (2006). Timing of fluoride intake in relation to development of fluorosis on maxillary central incisors. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 34:299-309.7.Marshman Z, et al. (2008). The impact of developmental defects of enamel on young people in the UK. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 37:45-57.8.Grandjean P, Landrigan P. (2006). Developmental neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals. The Lancet, November 8.9.Choi AL, et al. (2012). Developmental Fluoride Neurotoxicity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Environmental Health Perspectives 2012 Jul 20. [Epub ahead of print]10.National Research Council. (2006). Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA’s Standards. National Academies Press, Washington D.C. p. 173-188.11.Varner JA, et al. (1998). Chronic Administration of Aluminum-Fluoride and Sodium-Fluoride to Rats in Drinking Water: Alterations in Neuronal and Cerebrovascular Integrity.Brain Research. 784: 284-298.12.Lin Fa-Fu, et al. (1991). The relationship of a low-iodine and high-fluoride environment to subclinical cretinism in Xinjiang. Iodine Deficiency Disorder Newsletter. Vol. 7. No. 3.13.Xiang Q, et al. (2003a). Effect of fluoride in drinking water on children’s intelligence. Fluoride 36: 84-94; 198-199.14.NRC (2006). p. 189-224.15.NRC (2006). p. 107-148.16.National Toxicology Program. (1990). Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Sodium Fluoride in F344/N Rats and B6C3f1 Mice. Technical report Series No. 393. NIH Publ. No 91-2848. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, N.C.17.Hoover RN, et al. (1991). Time trends for bone and joint cancers and osteosarcomas in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program. National Cancer Institute In: Review of Fluoride: Benefits and Risks. US Public Health Service. Appendix E & F.18.Cohn PD. (1992). A Brief Report On The Association Of Drinking Water Fluoridation And The Incidence of Osteosarcoma Among Young Males. New Jersey Department of Health Environ. Health Service: 1- 17.19.Bassin EB, Wypij D, Davis RB, Mittleman MA. (2006). Age-specific Fluoride Exposure in Drinking Water and Osteosarcoma (United States). Cancer Causes and Control 17: 421-8.20.Johnson W, et al. (1979). Fluoridation and bone disease in renal patients. In: E Johansen, DR Taves, TO Olsen, Eds. Continuing Evaluation of the Use of Fluorides. AAAS Selected Symposium. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado. pp. 275-293.21.Ng AHM, et al. (2004). Association between fluoride, magnesium, aluminum and bone quality in renal osteodystrophy. Bone 34: 216-224.22.Ittel TH, et al. (1992). Effect of fluoride on aluminum-induced bone disease in rats with renal failure. Kidney International 41: 1340-1348.23.Ayoob S, Gupta AK. (2006). Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Review on the Status and Stress Effects. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 36:433–48724.Coplan MJ, et al. (2007). Confirmation of and explanations for elevated blood lead and other disorders in children exposed to water disinfection and fluoridation chemicals. Neurotoxicology 28(5):1032-42.25.Masters RD. et al. (2000). Association of Silicofluoride Treated Water with Elevated Blood Lead. Neurotoxicology. 21(6): 1091-1099.26.Masters RD, Coplan M. (1999). Water treatment with Silicofluorides and Lead Toxicity. International Journal of Environmental Studies. 56: 435-449.27.Maas R, et al. (2005). Effects of fluorides and chloramine on lead leaching from leaded-brass surfaces. Environmental Quality Institute, University of North Carolina, Ashville. Technical Report # 05-142 .28.Macek M, et al. (2006). Blood lead concentrations in children and method of water fluoridation in the United States, 1988-1994. Environmental Health Perspectives 114:130-134.29.Colquhoun J. (1985). Influence of social class and fluoridation on child dental health. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 13:37-41.30.Diesendorf M. (1986). The Mystery of Declining Tooth Decay. Nature. 322: 125-129.31.Gray AS. (1987). Fluoridation: Time For A New Base Line? Journal of the Canadian Dental Association. 53: 763-5.32.Kelly M, Bruerd B. (1987). The Prevalence of Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Among Two Native American Populations. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 47:94-97.33.Hildebolt CF, et al. (1989). Caries prevalences among geochemical regions of Missouri. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 78:79-92.34.Hileman B. (1989). New Studies Cast Doubt on Fluoridation Benefits. Chemical and Engineering News. May 8.35.Brunelle JA, Carlos JP. (1990). Recent trends in dental caries in U.S. children and the effect of water fluoridation. J. Dent. Res 69, (Special edition), 723-727.36.Yiamouyiannis JA. (1990). Water Fluoridation and Tooth decay: Results from the 1986-87 National Survey of U.S. Schoolchildren. Fluoride. 23: 55-67.37.Barnes GP, et al. (1992). Ethnicity, location, age, and fluoridation factors in baby bottle tooth decay and caries prevalence of head start children. Public Health Reports 107: 167-73.38.Domoto P, et al. (1996). The estimation of caries prevalence in small areas. Journal of Dental Research 75:1947-56.39.Heller KE, et al (1997). Dental Caries and Dental Fluorosis at Varying Water Fluoride Concentrations. J Pub Health Dent. 57(3): 136-143.40.Colquhoun J. (1997). Why I changed my mind about Fluoridation. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41: 29-44.41.Locker D. (1999). Benefits and Risks of Water Fluoridation. An Update of the 1996 Federal-Provincial Sub-committee Report. Prepared for Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care.42.Kunzel W, Fischer T. (2000). Caries prevalence after cessation of water fluoridation in La Salud, Cuba. Caries Research 34: 20-5.43.Kunzel W, Fischer T, Lorenz R, Bruhmann S. (2000). Decline of caries prevalence after the cessation of water fluoridation in the former East Germany. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 28: 382-9.44.Seppa L, Karkkainen S, Hausen H. (2000). Caries Trends 1992-1998 in Two Low-Fluoride Finnish Towns Formerly with and without Fluoridation. Caries Research 34: 462-468.45.Burt BA, et al. (2000). The effects of a break in water fluoridation on the development of dental caries and fluorosis. J Dent Res. 79(2):761-9.46.Maupome G, Clark DC, Levy SM, Berkowitz J. (2001). Patterns of dental caries following the cessation of water fluoridation. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 29: 37-47.47.Shiboski CH, et al. (2003). The association of early childhood caries and race/ethnicity among California preschool children. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 63(1):38-46.48.Armfield JM, Spencer AJ. (2004) Consumption of nonpublic water: implications for children’s caries experience. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 32:283-296.49.Neurath C. (2005). Tooth decay trends for 12 year olds in nonfluoridated and fluoridated countries. Fluoride 38:324-325.50.Warren J, et al. (2009). Considerations on optimal fluoride intake using dental fluorosis and dental caries outcomes: A longitudinal study. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 69:111-15.51.Steinmeyer R. (2011). [Influence of natural fluoride concentration in drinking water on dental health of first class pupils in an area with enhanced fluoride content at the beginning of the 21st century]. Gesundheitswesen. 73(8-9):483-90.52.Charone S, et al. (2012). Lack of a significant relationship between toenail fluoride concentrations and caries prevalence. Fluoride 45:133-37.53.Online at: http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/crd/fluoridnew.htm54.Online at: http://www.fluoridealert.org/studies/caries07/55.Beltran-Aguilar ED et al. (2005). Surveillance for dental caries, dental sealants, tooth retention, edentulism, and enamel fluorosis — United States, 1988–1994 and 1999—2002. MMWR Surveillance Summaries 54(3): 1-44.56.Massler M, Schour I. (1952). Relation of endemic dental fluorosis to malnutrition. JADA. 44: 156-165.57.Marier J, Rose D. (1977). Environmental Fluoride. National Research Council of Canada. Associate Committe on Scientific Criteria for Environmental Quality. NRCC No. 16081.58.Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) (1993). Toxicological Profile for Fluorides, Hydrogen Fluoride, and Fluorine (F). U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Public Health Service. ATSDR/TP-91/17.59.Online at: http://www.fluoridealert.org/articles/thiessen-interview/60.Levy SM, Guha-Chowdhury N. (1999). Total fluoride intake and implications for dietary fluoride supplementation. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 59: 211-23.61.Beltrán-Aguilar ED, et al. (2010). Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in the United States, 1999–2004. Centers for Disease Control. NCHS Data Brief No. 53.62.National Research Council. (1993). Health Effects of Ingested Fluoride. National Academy Press, Washington DC.VIEWPOINT: IS FLUORIDE IN OUR WATER SLOWLY KILLING PEOPLE IN DONEGAL? was last modified: March 8th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:VIEWPOINT: IS FLUORIDE IN OUR WATER SLOWLY KILLING PEOPLE IN DONEGAL?
The countdown is on to the third annual Letterkenny Busking Festival taking place along the town’s Main Street on Saturday 15th July. Musicians, street entertainers and performers of all kinds are preparing their sets to compete for an amazing prize fund of €1,000.Entries are open to all types of street performers and if last year’s event was anything to go by the quality of the busking will be top class. Buskers will take to the streets from 1pm to 4.40pm creating a fantastic fun day for all the family in Letterkenny. Everyone likes a bit of music when they are out shopping and it brings a great atmosphere to the whole town.This year’s event coincides with the Seisiún Music Trail that is taking place in venues across Letterkenny that evening as part of the Earagail Arts Festival so you can spend a whole day in Letterkenny listening to fantastic music.“Bringing music on to the street on a Saturday afternoon always brings a feel good atmosphere especially in the Summer”, explains Gerard McCormick, President of Letterkenny Chamber of Commerce that is organising the Busking Festival through its ShopLK Brand.“Last year we were pleased with the level of entries, it brought lots of music out on to the streets and response and feedback was excellent. This year we are hoping to build on this to bring in more pitches. With the prize fund on offer we know we’ll have a high standard of acts and we encourage everyone to come out and support the buskers on the day”. “ShopLK is all about enjoying the best shopping experience in Letterkenny and we want our regular customers and visitors to the town to really enjoy what Letterkenny has to offer. This type of event that is funded through the Retail Promotion initiative from Donegal County Council makes happy shoppers and creates a real buzz and we know there will be tight competition for the top spot.”The competition is open to buskers and street performers/entertainers of all disciplines. All performers who want to take part must register at the market Centre, Main Street, Letterkenny between 11.30am – 12.30pm on the day. They will be allocated a slot and will be required to perform from 1pm until 4.00pm.The Acts will then be judged anonymously during the afternoon and the winner will be announced at 4.30pm at Market Centre, Main Street, Letterkenny.To pre-register for the competition and get more information on the format of the day and the rules and regulations are available on www.facebook.com/letterkennybuskingfestival or alternatively email firstname.lastname@example.orgGrab a Grand at Letterkenny’s Busking Festival! was last modified: July 5th, 2017 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:ChamberdonegalLetterkenny Busking Festival
Barriers to getting women into powermust be removed, says NGO Oxfam,including having to be a member of apolitical party, attend meetings, paytaxes, and pay money to the party beforerunning for election. Marie Jalloh, member of parliament forBombali district and one of Sierra Leone’s17 women MPs.(Images: Anna Jefferys, Irin News)In Kailahun, Sierra Leone, the poorest region in the world’s poorest country, women are trying to effect change on the issues that matter to them – maternal mortality, girls’ education, teenage pregnancy, literacy rates for women – by entering political office.One in eight Sierra Leonean women die in childbirth, the majority of women are illiterate, and just one in five girls finish secondary school, according to the UN Children’s Fund’s 2009 State of the World’s Children report.“We have to advocate for change in the issues that affect us,” said Marie Jalloh, a member of parliament for the Bombali district and one of Sierra Leone’s 17 female parliamentarians. “And we need to take informed decisions about our lives – our health, our children’s education, economic empowerment of women. The best way to do this is by getting into power.”Sierra Leone is still recovering from the devastation of nine years of civil war, which began in 1991 and was only brought to an end by the intervention of Nigerian and UN troops in 2000. Since then, almost 72 500 former combatants have been disarmed, the country has reestablished a functioning democracy and is showing signs of a successful transition.International NGO Oxfam is working with local women’s groups to help women gain political power.“We realised that one of the causes of the war was bad governance and exclusion of marginalised groups,” said Vrinda Dar, Oxfam programme director in the capital Freetown. “Without good governance nothing will work, so we decided to promote equal representation of women in political leadership.”The programme targets all levels of power, from ward committees to district councils in Kailahun in the east and Koinadugu in the north, aiming to dismantle barriers women face in entering politics.Obstacles to powerOxfam staff teach women to read, train them in public speaking and campaigning techniques, and try to ease fears among traditional chiefs and local politicians that women in power pose a threat.Women also have to overcome political rules that often block them out. In Sierra Leone candidates standing for a political party must be a longstanding member and have contributed financially to the party, regularly attend meetings and pay local taxes, according to Koinadugu women’s group chairperson, Haja Bintu Mansaray.These criteria automatically bar most women from engaging, as they are too busy running the household to attend meetings, and their husband will pay taxes in his own name, she said.Oxfam and local NGOs encourage women to pay local taxes themselves and show women ways to manage their time so they can attend meetings. In Kailahun Oxfam has given some women’s groups rice milling machines to free up time by unleashing women from hours of manually pounding grains.Candidates choosing to run must also first be accepted by their political party’s electoral committee, which is not easy, according to Florie De Jager Meezenbroek, governance programme director for Oxfam in Sierra Leone.“We have found in Kailahun and Koinadugu, where political parties want to gain ground, women can be seen as too risky as they aren’t viewed as vote-catchers,” Meezenbroek said.Intimidation and harassmentMore than that, there remains male opposition to female power.“Men are trying to change their attitude but we still have a lot to do … especially in rural areas, where men are still threatened by the presence of women … they think it takes power away from them,” MP Jalloh said.Jalloh entered politics after graduating with a Master’s degree in communications and gender development from Njala University in the capital Freetown. She spent many years working for international aid organisations, including in Guinea, where she and her family fled during the war. She ran for political office in the 2007 elections and won.In the run-up to her election as MP for the All People’s Congress in Bombali, members of the opposition parties used every tactic to knock her out of the campaign, she says.“I faced a lot of intimidation when I was campaigning,” Jalloh said. “I’m only the second woman in the history of this region to become an MP. My husband thought I was crazy. I had a good job and I’m doing this for less money, but I want to make a difference. I have been a women’s activist for years.“People in office in my district used all their power to try to eliminate me from the race. Dogs came, vehicles came, they wanted to kidnap me. A gang of youths intercepted me on my way home one day, and warned me not to return there – that I would be taken away.“I went to the police station but then later I thought they might turn against me so I escaped through a narrow gate and spent the night in the hospital quarters. For the next week I moved around, never in the same place twice. But I had connections, and I told a lot of journalists what was going on.“My husband lost his job because of me. They asked him to resign to try to get to me.“Women need to be economically and academically strong and steadfast if they want to make it in politics in Africa. Women here are not economically empowered. If you don’t have money you can’t even campaign.“I want to see my people grow and change. That is why I went into politics.”Oxfam’s Meezenbroek has found that this form of harassment is widespread in Sierra Leone.“There is lots of harassment of women in elections,” she says. “We encourage women to keep on going as long as it’s safe. If the parties don’t vote them in, we encourage them to run independently.”Eight of the 17 women in the 2007 Kailahun race were independents. And Meezenbroek said she knew of no woman who stepped down due to pressure.Mixed resultsResults of the 2007 poll were mixed: Eight women candidates were voted onto the district council in Koinadugu, which previously had no women, while in Kailahun the number of female winners dropped from seven to three.But Susan Vandy, chair of local non-profit organisation Kailahun Tortoma Women’s Network (KTWN), at a celebration in Kailahun for International Women’s Day on 8 March, said the numbers do not tell it all.“This [the Kailahun result] was a pity, but all the women candidates stood together and by doing this they increased awareness of women’s issues, and many of the votes were very close.”The three women who were voted in occupy more serious, strategic roles, she added, which shows women are gaining ground.Added district councilor Sam Amara: “You can really see the difference in the council now that women are mobilised. In the past women were put in charge of only gender issues, but now there is a woman in charge of education, and it is having an impact in boosting girls’ school attendance.”To ensure they keep up the momentum, KTWN’s Vandy said, women candidates must unite and support each other.“Strengthening our networks keeps up political momentum on women’s issues … In Kailahun now we are well-organised. We are able to keep up the pressure for our leaders to take action. This must continue if our daughters are to go to school, our health clinics improve, and if we are to become financially stronger.”Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Mary Alexander at email@example.comSource: Irin NewsRelated articlesSA women take the lead A woman’s place is everywhere! Better government across Africa Children’s radio, by children Angola’s four-year plan for health Useful linksSierra Leone Web Sierra Leone National Tourist Board